Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Aminothiophenol Furfural Self-assembled Gold Electrode Sensor
for Determination of Dopamine in Pharmaceutical Formulations
117
122
EN
A new Schiff base 2-aminothiophenol furfural self assembled monolayer (SAM) has been fabricated on a bare gold electrode as a novel sensor for determination of dopamine. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy<br />was utilized to investigate the properties of the Au 2-aminothiophenol furfural self assembled monolayer<br />modified electrode (Au ATF SAM-ME) using the [Fe(CN)6]3-/4- redox couple. The electrochemical behavior<br />of dopamine on the Au ATF SAM-ME was studied by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry,<br />using phosphate buffer solution as supporting electrolyte. The ascorbic acid has no response on the modified<br />self-assembly electrode. A calibration curve was obtained for dopamine in a linear range of 2.0 × 10-6 to 1.0 ×<br />10-4 M. The detection limit for dopamine was found to be 3.0 × 10-7 M. The results indicated that the Au ATF<br />SAM-ME could be employed for the determination of dopamine in pharmaceutical formulations.
Dopamine,Ascorbic acid,Self-assembled monolayer,Gold electrode
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_143.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_143_8e02ca41b92310df7ef5dd563d60adb1.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
H2 Elimination and C-C Bond Cleavage of Propene: A
Theoretical Research
123
127
EN
Propene dissociation channels were characterized by ab initio CCSD(T)/6-311++g(d,p) calculations. In<br />this work the detailed mechanism of propene dissociation to C2H4+CH2, C2H2+H+CH3, C2H2+CH4 and<br />C3H3+H2+H have been investigated. According to our calculations, ten fragments can be classified into<br />five dissociated channels. Our results point out that two mechanisms come into play in the H2 elimination<br />channels. These channels are responsible for the formation of CH2CCH. The C-C bonds rupture occur<br />through three different channels.
Propene,CCSD,H2 Elimination
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_144.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_144_f1ae17bfb33f80558960830a4a6c9767.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Equilibria for Liquid
Fluorine Using GMA Equation of State
129
137
EN
Thermophysical properties of fluorine are interesting because of its applications in different areas of technology<br />and industry. The computations of thermodynamic properties were performed with the GMA equation of state<br />under critical conditions. The present work reports calculations of density, volumetric, and thermodynamic<br />properties of liquid fluorine on extended ranges of pressure and temperature and the results show that GMA<br />equation of state reproduces the experimental PVT data of fluorine within experimental errors throughout the<br />liquid phase. The calculated results are different only a few percent from the experimental ones.
GMA Equation of state,liquid fluorine,Speed of sound,VLE prediction
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_145.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_145_e18977340d04aa1d65f6429def648803.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Thermodynamic Properties for Argon
139
143
EN
An analytical equation of state is applied to calculate the thermodynamic properties for argon. The<br />equation of state is that of Song and Mason. It is based on a statistical-mechanical perturbation theory of<br />hard convex bodies and can be written as fifth-order polynomial in the density. There exist three temperaturedependent<br />parameters: the second virial coefficient, an effective molecular volume, and a scaling factor<br />for the average contact pair distribution function of hard convex bodies. We used Lennard-Jones (12-6)<br />potential for calculation temperature-dependent parameters. The equation of state has been applied to<br />calculate thermodynamic properties including the internal energy, the enthalpy, the entropy, the heat capacity<br />at constant pressure, and the speed of sound for argon. The theoretical results are in good agreement with<br />the experimental data.
Thermodynamic,Argon
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_146.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_146_35ab94b7f7c03ede9e7bda27a0648e03.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Dynamic 1H NMR Study Around the Carbon–Carbon Double Bonds
and Carbon–Carbon Single Bonds in a Particular Phosphorous Ylide
and 2,5-Dihydro-5,5-Diaryl-2-Thio-1H-Imidazoles
145
148
EN
Stable crystalline phosphorus ylides are obtained in excellent yields from the 1:1:1 addition reaction<br />between hydantoins or thiohydantoins and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates in the presence of<br />triphenylphosphine. These phosphoranes undergo smooth intramolecular Wittig reaction followed<br />by an electrocyclic ring opening to produce dialkyl (E)-2-(2,5-dihydro-5,5-diaryl-2-thioxo-1H-imidazol-<br />4-yl)fumarates and 2,5-Dihydro-5,5-diaryl-2-thio-1H-imidazoles in good yields. Dynamic<br />effects were observed in the 1H NMR spectra of these compounds and were attributed to restricted<br />rotation around the Carbon-Carbon single bonds. Rotational energy barrier (ΔG#) for their interconversion<br />process of rotational isomers equals to (68.2 and 71.7) ± 2 kJ mol-1.
Dynamic 1H NMR,Acetylenic ester,Restricted rotation,Triphenylphosphine
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_147.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_147_40788ce1983366397a3f1170562aaaf2.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Decrease of Electrical Conductivity Activation Energy of
Co-coated AISI 430 Alloy for the Application of SOFCs
149
153
EN
The application of conductive coatings on ferritic stainless steel can decrease electrical conductivity. The<br />aim of this research was to investigate the electrical conductivity of cobalt coated AISI 430 ferritic stainless<br />steel by pack cementation technique. Coated coupons were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy<br />(SEM). Electrical conductivity of the coated substrates was measured as a function of temperature by<br />oxidizing the samples from room temperature to 700 ºC. Also electrical conductivity has been measured<br />as a function of oxidation time during isothermal oxidation at 700 ºC. Results showed the increase of<br />temperature caused to the decrease of electrical conductivity and also, the coating layer converted to cobalt<br />spinels during annealing in isothermal oxidation. The formation of MnCo2O4, CoCr2O4, CoFe2O4 and Co3O4<br />spinels improved electrical conductivity activation energy of coated substrates (0.03 eV) compared to<br />uncoated substrates (0.039 eV).
Cobalt,AISI 430,Electrical conductivity activation energy,Solid oxide fuel cell
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_148.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_148_20a57326ac9253b60bbf62963196c0bb.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Modeling and Simulation a Catalytic Fixed Bed Reactor to
Produce Ethyl Benzene from Ethanol
155
161
EN
Ethyl benzene used increasingly each year is the raw material of producing styrene monomer. This substance<br />is produced from benzene alkylation with ethylene or ethanol, depending on the availability and cost of raw<br />materials. In this study benzene alkylation in the presence of ethanol in a catalytic fixed bed reactor in<br />three states of isotherm, adiabatic and non-isotherm-non-adiabatic is mathematically modeled with onedimensional<br />pseudo- homogeneous model; and then has been programmed with math lab software. The<br />reaction kinetics model is used in this study which comes from the experimental equations found by Mr.<br />U.S Ridevi et al. in a zeolite catalyst impregnated with AlCl3 obtained in isotherm mode. The results of this<br />simulation in isotherm state are comparable with experimental data. The adiabatic and non-isotherm-nonadiabatic<br />states also show acceptable results. Furthermore, in this study the effect of various factors such as<br />the feed flow rate, substrate temperature, substrate density, fixed and variable heat capacity and viscosity of<br />fluid has been investigated.
Fixed Bed Reactor,Ethyl Benzene,Modeling,Simulation,Ethanol,catalyst
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_149.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_149_2964f35bc121f70c6af8c8afbe9658ea.pdf
Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Eleectrochemistry
2008-9228
2423-7264
2
2
2014
04
01
Temperature-Dependent Dispersion Coefficients of Alkali
Metals Using Equation of State
163
169
EN
In this study, a temperature-dependent of the dispersion coefficients is calculated from equation state.<br />The Lennard-Jones LJ (12-6-3) effective pair potential function and simple thermodynamic argument<br />with the input PVT data of liquid metals are used to calculate the dispersion coefficients. The dispersion<br />coefficients ( , , ) 3 6 12 C C C are found to be a linear function of 1/T1+α , where T is the temperature and α<br />is a constant and has different values for different dispersion coefficients. The law of corresponding states<br />based on the reduced dispersion coefficients and reduced temperature is used to verify the validity of a LJ<br />(12-6-3) potential function in describing the dispersion coefficients. By applying the dispersion coefficients<br />of alkali metals and potential function plots, the values of molecular parameters (å , ó , and, m r ) have been<br />obtained. The LJ (12-6-3) potential function conclusively predicts the best dispersion coefficients of the<br />three alkali metals (K, Rb, and Cs).
Dispersion Coefficient,Equation of state,Alkali Metals
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_150.html
http://jpe.miau.ac.ir/article_150_c686e9ae4d6477f7ab0ff669dc5ea9a0.pdf